Nylon and Perlon
Polyamide was developed in America and first made its appearance in 1935. As early as 1940 the first nylon stockings were being sold in the USA. Almost at the same time it was also discovered in Germany and manufactured under the trade name Perlon. It became possible to realise functional qualities in apparel that were previously out of the question. Polyamide fibres are primarily used for clothing, in stockings and tights, lingerie, corsetry as well as sports- and swimwear.
In Germany 73,000 tons of polyamide fibres were manufactured in the year 2013.
A fibre with many faces
In the manufacture of polyamide fibres the primary materials are transformed by chemical processes into a granulate (tiny grains). This is dissolved into a liquid or heated to produce a thick, syrupy spinning mass which is pressed through the spinneret. As part of the process the properties already determined in advance for the fibre are achieved by additives to the mass or by the choice of spinneret. According to their profile and further processing, the fibres can be quite fine and smooth or crimped, or bright or dull.
On care labels the polyamide fibre is often designated as "PA".
Polyamide fibres are very durable and resistant to abrasion.
They have high elasticity.
They are light and fine.
They are easy to wash and quick-drying.
Polyamide fibres guarantee shape retention.